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Essentiale




Q: What is the recommended dosage of Essentiale®?
A: Take 2 Essentiale® capsules orally 3 times a day.
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Q: Why should I take Essentiale®?
A: Essentiale® contains highly purified Essential phospholipids (EPLs). EPL has been shown to have regenerative effect on liver cells*, so it may help to protect the liver from damage caused by excessive or prolonged intake of alcohol or medication, fat deposits as a result of obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol and triglycerides (fats in the blood), and infection. This drug therapy is not a substitute for the avoidance of the noxious agent causing liver damage (e.g. alcohol).  If symptoms persist, please consult a physician.

Take the Liver Symptoms Questionnaire

* As shown in experimentally induced-liver cell damage
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Q: How does Essentiale® differ from Silymarin?
A: Essentiale® is made of essential phospholipids (EPLs) derived from soya beans. These are the EPLs the liver needs to replace the phospholipids that damaged cell membranes have lost, through its regenerative effect on damaged cells.

Silymarin is derived from a plant called milk thistle. Its antioxidant action helps to reduce or prevent liver damage caused by alcohol, poisonous mushrooms, drugs and other harmful substances.

* As shown in experimentally induced-liver cell damage"
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Q: How can I ensure that my liver stays healthy?
A: Prevention is always better than cure. Start by taking care of your liver now. Start by taking care of your liver now.
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Q: What happens during a liver check-up?
A: Usually, the following can happen:
  1. Exhaustive medical and family history
    Your lifestyle will be explored with regard to diet, intake of fatty foods, alcohol, medicines and history of illnesses.
  2. Physical examination
    The doctor will require you to lie down on your back. He will then carefully examine the upper part of your abdomen to assess for tenderness and size of the liver.
  3. Blood test
    The doctor will look for indicators of liver damage such as elevation of certain liver enzymes.
  4. Imaging
  5. You may be asked to have an ultrasound or CT scan of your liver for further assessment.
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Q: What is hepatitis? What causes hepatitis?
A: Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver. In some cases the patient can recover, but in others, the disease can progress to fibrosis (scarring) and cirrhosis (severe scarring with impaired liver function). Hepatitis can be caused by viruses, toxins (notably alcohol and certain medications), other infections and autoimmune diseases.
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Q: What is the difference between hepatitis A and hepatitis B?
A:
Hepatitis A Hepatitis B
How common is it?
Hepatitis A is the most common of the viral types of hepatitis. The prevalence of Hepatitis B is different in different parts of the world. Low prevalence areas (0.1-2%) are Western Europe, United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Intermediate prevalence (3-5%) are the Mediterranean countries, Japan, Central Asia, the Middle East, and Latin and South America. High prevalence areas (10-20%) are southeast Asia, China, and sub-Saharan Africa.
How is it spread?
You can catch hepatitis A if:
  • You eat or drink food or water that has been contaminated by stools (faeces) containing the hepatitis A virus (fruits,vegetables, shellfish, ice, and water are common sources of the hepatitis A virus).
  • You come in contact with the stool or blood of a person who currently has the disease.
  • A person with hepatitis A does not wash his or her hands properly after going to the bathroom and touches other objects or food.
Careful hygiene can minimise the risk of the virus being passed on this way.

Hepatitis A can also be spread if you participate in sexual practices that involve oral-anal contact.
Hepatitis B infection can be spread through contact with the blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and other body fluids of someone who already has hepatitis B.

Infection can be spread through:
  • Blood transfusions
  • Direct contact with blood in health care settings
  • Sexual contact with an infected person
  • Tattoo or acupuncture with unclean needles or instruments
  • Shared needles during drug use
  • Shared personal items (such as toothbrushes, razors, and nail clippers) with an infected person
The hepatitis B virus can be passed to an infant during childbirth if the mother is infected.
Treatment
Most people fight off the virus naturally within a few months. Patients should avoid alcohol. For most patients with hepatitis B. symptoms will not be severe and treatment will not be required.

However, patients should be monitored by a specialist. After a few months the patient's immune system should fight off the virus.

In some, especially younger patients, HBV infection will persist and become chronic.

Antiviral medication is given as treatment to those with chronic symptoms to help prevent further liver damage. These medications may be injected or given in pill form.

Patients should avoid alcohol, get plenty of rest and eat a healthy diet.
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Q: If I am vaccinated for hepatitis A or B, will the protection last a lifetime?
A: Hepatitis A vaccination is likely to be effective for over 20 years, possibly lifelong. Hepatitis B vaccination usually offers protection for about 5 years and then you will need a booster shot.
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Q: Is fatty liver reversible?
A: Fatty liver is reversible if caught early and the cause is treated (e.g. stop drinking alcohol, treat metabolic syndrome). However if it progresses and the liver is inflamed, it can lead to permanent damage.
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Q: What are the causes of fatty liver?
A: Fatty liver is commonly associated with alcohol intake or metabolic syndrome (diabetes, hypertension, obesity and high cholesterol) but can also be due to any one of many causes.
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Q: What is liver cirrhosis?
A: Cirrhosis is scarring of the liver as a result of chronic liver disease. The most common causes are alcohol abuse, viral hepatitis infection and fatty liver. Other causes include toxins (e.g. certain medications) and autoimmune disorders.
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Q: Is liver cirrhosis curable?
A: Sadly, cirrhosis cannot be cured, but progression of the disease can be slowed down by treating the cause, e.g. taking antiviral medications, maintaining a good diet, not drinking any alcohol.
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